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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 91-92

Preface to Fourth Issue of "Heart India" 2015

Department of Cardiology, Heritage Hospital, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication21-Dec-2015

Correspondence Address:
Alok Kumar Singh
Department of Cardiology, Heritage Hospital, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-449X.172347

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How to cite this article:
Singh AK. Preface to Fourth Issue of "Heart India" 2015. Heart India 2015;3:91-2

How to cite this URL:
Singh AK. Preface to Fourth Issue of "Heart India" 2015. Heart India [serial online] 2015 [cited 2023 Feb 2];3:91-2. Available from: https://www.heartindia.net/text.asp?2015/3/4/91/172347

In this issue of "Heart India" we are publishing one original research article, seven case reports, and two letters to the editor. Music powerfully modulates social, emotional processes, cognitive status, and mood, thus contributing to healing. [1] The first original research article by Nagrajan et al. evaluated the effects of heart rate variability (HRV) on exposure to the Indian raga Bhupali with that of two control groups of pop music and no music or silence in a sample of healthy subjects. The present study examined the changes in subjective and psychophysiological responses to the Indian raga Bhupali, pop music, and no music conditions. The perceived relaxation induced by the Indian raga was shown in both frequency domain and time domain measures of HRV. The present study results suggested the importance of the aesthetic mood of music in altering autonomic responses and reducing the anxiety levels. This has also helped in recognizing the mechanism through which Indian music may affect the physiological change by instilling a particular aesthetic mood within the listener. The Indian raga Bhupali may be effectively used in cardiac regulation and may also facilitate recovery from poststress anxiety, suggestive of applications in clinical settings.

Atrial myxomas are the most common benign primary cardiac tumors. They arise most commonly from the left atrium. Myxomas are more common in women around 40-60 years of age. Their presentation varies from completely asymptomatic to dangerous myocardial infarction due to emboli from tumor mass. Surgery is the treatment of choice with good prognosis. In first case report of this issue, Syed et al. reported a rare case of atrial myxoma who completely recovered after surgery.

Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome is a rare genetic abnormality characterized by a tetrad of chondrodysplasia, ectodermal dysplasia, polydactyly, and congenital heart disease. Common atrium is an uncommon cardiac malformation, and yet it is commonly found in patients with EVC syndrome. This rare condition is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. This report describes a case of common atrium with unusual electrocardiographic findings in a patient with EVC syndrome. This 17-year-old male of Indian origin born of a consanguineous marriage had short stature, genu valgum, polydactyly, gingival hypertrophy, multiple frenula, common atrium, and right axis deviation of QRS with clockwise depolarization in electrocardiogram as nicely reported by Amite et al. in the second case report. The third case report by Mohnan et al. reported florid peripheral manifestations of infective endocarditis (IE), namely, skin petechiae, subconjunctival hemorrhages, Janeway lesions, Osler nodes, and splinter hemorrhages.

Anomalies of the coronary artery are often asymptomatic and uncommon. Double right coronary artery (RCA) is a very rare coronary anomaly. So far, the number of reported cases of double RCA is not many. Nevertheless, there have been several reports of double RCA in the literature, particularly in the last decade. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is becoming an alternative method for the diagnosis of coronary artery anomalies. Joshi et al. reported a case of double RCA diagnosed with the help of MDCT. Although statistically people with dextrocardia and situs inversus totalis have fewer chances of any congenital cardiac abnormalities, its association with tetralogy of fallot (TOF) and patent ductus arteriosus is reported only rarely and can present technical challenges to intracardiac repair. This combination of anomalies is extremely unusual. Sherawat et al. reported a case of successful surgical treatment of TOF with dextrocardia and situs inversus totalis in a 35-year-old male, and described the patient's postoperative course, and reviewed the surgical literature relevant to these combined conditions.

Iodinated contrast material (ICM) can rarely cause sialadinitis. Rathakrishnan et al. reported a case of unilateral parotitis following coronary angioplasty, which subsided with conservative management. Direct toxic effect of the contrast material or idiosyncratic reaction has been considered as the possible etiology. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a rare but potentially serious complication of coronary angiography (CAG), the incidence being just 0.05%. Only a few clinical cases of DVT after diagnostic transfemoral catheterization have been reported. Guleria et al. reported a case of a 54-year-old woman who developed significant DVT after CAG without venous thromboembolism (VTE) and, which was treated with anticoagulants.

In the first letter to editor, Singh et al. reported a rare case of left coronary artery arising from the right aortic sinus. In the second letter to editor, Nair et al. reported a case of acute rheumatic valvulitis with palisading in the histopathological specimen after mitral valve replacement. We, from the editorial team of "Heart India," wish a happy Christmas and a happy new year to all our readers.

  References Top

Perez-Lloret S, Diez J, Domé MN, Delvenne AA, Braidot N, Cardinali DP, et al. Effects of different "relaxing" music styles on the autonomic nervous system. Noise Health 2014;16:279-84.  Back to cited text no. 1


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