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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Clinical presentation, risk factors, and coronary angiographic profile of very young adults (≤30 years) presenting with first acute myocardial infarction at a tertiary care center in Rajasthan, India

Department of Cardiology, MGMCH, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Archit Dahiya
74-R Model Town, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/heartindia.heartindia_4_22

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Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in very young adults with age ≤30 years is rare. In India, the prevalence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in this population is <2%. ACS leads to significant effects on patient's psychology, morbidity, and increased financial burden when it occurs at this young age. Young patients with ACS on coronary angiography (CAG) show a relatively increased incidence of single-vessel disease and nonobstructive stenosis. Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted at the Department of Cardiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan. The medical records of very young adults (≤30 years of age) with first AMI between September 2019 to August 2021 were collected and analyzed. Results: Twenty-two very young adult patients aged ≤30 years were admitted with first AMI. Most of the patients were within the age group of 25–30 years. Mean patient age was 27.63 ± 2.03 years and 21 patients (95.4%) were men. Regarding the risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), smoking was the most common (54.5%) in young patients. Dyslipidemia and family history of premature CAD were present in 8 (36.3%) and 6 (27.2%) of patients. The most common symptom in patients was chest pain (90.9%). Obstructive CAD (vessel lumen stenosis ≥ 70%) was found in 18 (81.8%) patients. Conclusion: Very young adults presented with less extensive CAD as compared to elderly likely due to less atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries in them. The major modifiable risk factors in very young Indian population are smoking and dyslipidemia. Primary prevention by educating the public about the effects of smoking, unhealthy dietary habits, and sedentary lifestyle in early years of life may help to prevent the development of cardiac problems later in life.

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