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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-29

Novel oral anticoagulant in treatment of left ventricular thrombus in acute coronary syndrome – A case series


Department of Cardiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Archit Dahiya
74-R Model Town, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/heartindia.heartindia_5_22

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Introduction: Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is a known complication of myocardial infarction (MI) and it usually occurs in areas of poorly contracting LV muscle as a result of endocardial injury with associated inflammation. There is a high risk of embolization within 3 months among patients with MI complicated by mural thrombus and this risk is maximum during the first 1–2 weeks. We report a case series of five patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome with LV apical thrombus and treated with triple anti-thrombotic therapy of rivaroxaban, aspirin, and clopidogrel. Case Series: Our series involves 5 cases who developed LV apical thrombus after acute coronary syndrome. Four patients had anterior wall ST-elevation MI (STEMI) whereas 1 patient had inferior wall STEMI. One of the patients with anterior STEMI also had COVID pneumonitis. All of these patients received triple anti-thrombotic therapy consisting of tab Aspirin 75 mg OD, tab clopidogrel 75 mg OD, and tab rivaroxaban 20 mg OD for 3 months duration. Repeat ECHO after 3 months showed complete resolution of LV thrombus in all of our cases. Discussion: LV thrombus reported in STEMI patients is from 1.6% up to 39% in various studies. The incidence of LV thrombus is on decreasing trend as a result of modern revascularization strategies. The role of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in treating LV thrombus is scant as compared to oral Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) like warfarin. The current recommendation for anticoagulation in the presence of a LV thrombus after acute coronary syndrome is with VKAs for up to 6 months. Conclusion: Although there is uncertainty in decision-making regarding antithrombotic therapy, our case series demonstrate that triple antithrombotic therapy with NOACs results in resolution of LV thrombus without any additional bleeding events in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome. NOACs have an advantage of not requiring PT/INR monitoring and have less bleeding complications. Further large-scale research or randomized controlled trials are needed to find the optimal therapies in such cases.


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